Bioecology is a branch of ecology that studies the relationship of flora and fauna with the environment. The subject matter of the science includes fauna, flora, microorganisms, and a human as a biological species.
The subject matter of Bioecology
The science studies the functioning and structures of living organisms, as well as their relationship with the environment and with each other. Its main task is to protect nature using biotechnological approaches.
Bioecology has several levels of biological systems:
- Autecology studies the relationship of biological organisms with their living conditions. The main task of the science is to study how organisms adapt to the peculiarities of their habitat and to determine the boundaries of their existence and the chemical and physical characteristics that are most suitable for their life.
- Population ecology studies the totality of organisms of the same species. Its main task is to establish the most favorable conditions for the development of the population, as well as groups within it, their number, dynamics, structure, and relationship.
- Eidecology studies the ecology of species.
- Synecology studies the ecology of communities, groups of individuals of different species belonging to flora and fauna, as well as microorganisms that form biocenoses, their productivity, the ways they interact with the external environment, probable development paths, composition and development in dynamics, and other characteristics.
Modern Bioecology is the science of environmental protection, rational use of resources, effective ways to preserve representatives of flora and fauna and the effects of environmental causes on the formation and conditions of existence of living organisms.
The purpose of Bioecology
In today’s world, many people are concerned about environmental problems. Human activities are the main cause of air and soil pollution, deterioration of drinking water, and drying up of water bodies. Improper disposal of industrial and domestic waste turns vast areas into landfills. Fertile soils become unsuitable for farming. All this leads to a violation of the natural cycle, which negatively affects not only birds, plants, and animals. In addition to the negative impact on the flora and fauna, the unfavorable environmental situation also provokes an increase in morbidity and a reduction in human life expectancy.
Bioecology uses biotechnological approaches to cleanse the environment from pollution and prevent ecological disaster. The microflora helps to decompose pollutants entering the atmosphere or wastewater into simple and safe compounds. With the help of modern biotechnologies, it is possible to process waste into useful products, such as compost, biodegradable polymers, biogas, feed yeast, biopesticides, alcohol, and bacterial fertilizers. All this is useful for preserving the ecology. A scientific and rational approach is a great way for humanity to prevent a global ecological catastrophe and save resources for future generations.