City ecology and its issues: how to solve them in the 21st century

Most of the world’s population lives in cities. This leads to congestion in areas that have been allocated by Governments for the construction of cities. As a result, the city’s environmental problems have become real trends, such as:

  • Deterioration of living conditions.
  • Reduction of labor productivity.
  • Increase in the number of diseases.
  • Loss of human life.
  • Negative impact on climate.
  • Pollution of the entire environment.

City ecology and its issues: how to solve them

If we decide to try to name all the issues of today’s big city, we get a huge, endless list. So in this little overview, we’re going to try to identify only the most important ones. If you know them, you’ll find it’s easier to understand how to make your city more sustainable.

Terrain variation

We need to look at the relationship of global urbanization to the lithosphere as we begin to look at the impact of factors on the ecological footprint of cities. It manifests itself in the very negative impact of urbanization on the lithosphere, which brings terrain variation, the formation of karst dips, and the destruction of rivers. It also causes the Earth to turn more and more territories into deserts because of the active activity of large groups of people. This reduces the total area of land that is good for humans and animals.

Destruction of natural landscapes

Experts have long observed that the active destruction of fauna and flora and the formation of so-called urban nature have negative consequences. There is a decrease in areas such as:

  • recreational;
  • natural;
  • green plantations.

Too-crowded vehicles on urban roads and suburban highways produce environmental impacts.

The water supply

Natural water bodies are polluted by such factors as domestic and industrial waste. Humans pollute the Earth’s water resources, such as land-based hydro systems, groundwater, and the entire oceans. Before improving the urban environment through global approaches, we must eliminate illiteracy among the population, thereby improving people’s knowledge. If people learn to close the tap while brushing teeth or repair the plumbing at the right time, thousands of liters of water will be saved. The pollution of the Earth’s water basin is causing an acute shortage of drinking water, which is already causing thousands of deaths worldwide.

Moreover, these are just a few of the big issues of the modern city. Also important are problems like air pollution and household waste. We must examine each of the problems that have been voiced and devise effective measures to contain them, and then begin to improve the urban environment.